What is LTL?


A shipment that does not require a full 48- or 53-foot trailer can be shipped via less-than-truckload, or LTL. Shippers use this option, which can be cost-effective and environmentally friendly, when they only need to ship a small amount of product.


Coyote makes this choice simple for customers—we are a one-stop shop. As a full-service transportation and logistics provider, Coyote can arrange transportation for any type and size of product.

Coyote’s managed LTL software allows customers to request rate quotes online and select the desired carrier based on price, equipment, and transit.

Our knowledgeable Coyote representatives work with shippers to find the most efficient way to transport product without sacrificing service. Coyote closely tracks each shipment to make sure it is handled from pickup to delivery and every point in between—No Excuses.


LTL rates are determined by class, weight, lane (i.e., pickup and delivery locations), and additional required services, if any.

A separate cost added on top of the line haul, the fuel surcharge is the cost of fuel associated with the lane, specifically the distance between the shipper and the consignee. The fuel surcharge changes weekly due to barrel costs.

A load is considered a volume LTL shipment if it occupies more than 12 feet of trailer space.

Additional required services such as liftgate delivery or call-ahead notification may result in accessorial charges. Accessorial charges may be considered separate line-item costs or included as a percentage of the weight.


LTL equipment options are the same as full truckload: dry or temperature-controlled, roll or swing doors. Depending on the number of stops, LTL carriers may use two pup trailers (28 feet each) hauled in tandem or a regular-sized trailer (53 feet). For local runs, carriers typically use day cab trucks to allow for more product weight.


LTL carriers require product to be packaged and labeled, according to Department of Transportation (DOT) standards. This protects against damage to the products, or damage to surrounding products, persons, or the environment. Shippers must properly package the product prior to pickup, or an LTL carrier may refuse the load.

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